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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://bdtd.ucb.br:8443/jspui/handle/123456789/247
Type: Dissertação
Title: O papel da integração regional na prevenção, gereniamento e resolução de conflitos na África : o caso da União Africana (UA)
Other Titles: The role of regional integration in conflict prevention, management, and resolution in Africa : the case of African Union (AU)
Author(s): Biswaro, Joram Mukama
First Advisor: Bijos, Leila Maria da Juda
Summary: Socio-economic development in Africa is inseparable from warfare. In the mid 1990s alone, a third of sub-Saharan African countries had an active civil war, many of which, lasted a decade or more. Mass violence has afflicted nearly every African nation since independence. These conflicts are epic events in each nation s history, destroying life, skills, wealth, and infrastructure and potentially damaging a society s social bonds and institutions. For example ,according to the Tunisian Government Support Plan to the G8 in May 2011, the crisis in that country has left it at a cross-road economically. The uncertainties arising from the transition period have had a negative impact on the Tunisian economy, with a cost estimated at five percent of the country s GDP. Growth forecast are low, the state budget and the balance of trade are negatively affected and Foreign Direct Investments (FDI) have slowed down. As a result, investment credits will have to be cancelled in order to meet this need (Tunisia Govt. Mid-Year Report, 2011). The causes of conflicts are varied. The then the Organization for African Unity (OAU) had, as a result, created a mechanism to address the problem. Indeed, the fact that we had the Mechanism for Conflict Prevention, Management and Resolution (MCPMR) within the OAU, is by itself, the center of the problem to be studied. This is precisely so because the prevention, management and resolution process always raises a number of pertinent issues that call for further serious investigations. Such issues include: why has there been a continuous state of conflicts in the continent since the end of the colonial era? What are the root causes? The possibilities that would exist for success or failure and why; the expectations of the populace, region as well as international community; what role can the regional economic communities(RECs) play in addressing these conflict situations and the experience that can be gained from similar occurrences in other parts of the world in the process and so on. It has to be noted, however, that the debates and discussions taking place during peace negotiations are far from being enough and adequate. To get answers to all these questions, there is a need to carry out a comprehensive study and to broaden the scope of data and information collection. It is therefore our intention (researcher) to contribute to this study with the aim of demonstrating by inference and logic, inter alia, that the mechanism suffers from some constraints embedded in the Charter, lack of resources and so forth. Further, it is a fact that the mechanism has somehow failed to live up to its expectations owing to these and other varied reasons, thus leading to its transformation into the Peace and Security Council (PSC). Finally, the study attempts to demonstrate empirically the socio-economic effects of such conflicts to Africa and to the international community, and how the regional and subregional economic integration groupings can play a significant role in preventing, managing and resolving such phenomena.
Abstract: Socio-economic development in Africa is inseparable from warfare. In the mid 1990s alone, a third of sub-Saharan African countries had an active civil war, many of which, lasted a decade or more. Mass violence has afflicted nearly every African nation since independence. These conflicts are epic events in each nation s history, destroying life, skills, wealth, and infrastructure and potentially damaging a society s social bonds and institutions. For example ,according to the Tunisian Government Support Plan to the G8 in May 2011, the crisis in that country has left it at a cross-road economically. The uncertainties arising from the transition period have had a negative impact on the Tunisian economy, with a cost estimated at five percent of the country s GDP. Growth forecast are low, the state budget and the balance of trade are negatively affected and Foreign Direct Investments (FDI) have slowed down. As a result, investment credits will have to be cancelled in order to meet this need (Tunisia Govt. Mid-Year Report, 2011). The causes of conflicts are varied. The then the Organization for African Unity (OAU) had, as a result, created a mechanism to address the problem. Indeed, the fact that we had the Mechanism for Conflict Prevention, Management and Resolution (MCPMR) within the OAU, is by itself, the center of the problem to be studied. This is precisely so because the prevention, management and resolution process always raises a number of pertinent issues that call for further serious investigations. Such issues include: why has there been a continuous state of conflicts in the continent since the end of the colonial era? What are the root causes? The possibilities that would exist for success or failure and why; the expectations of the populace, region as well as international community; what role can the regional economic communities(RECs) play in addressing these conflict situations and the experience that can be gained from similar occurrences in other parts of the world in the process and so on. It has to be noted, however, that the debates and discussions taking place during peace negotiations are far from being enough and adequate. To get answers to all these questions, there is a need to carry out a comprehensive study and to broaden the scope of data and information collection. It is therefore our intention (researcher) to contribute to this study with the aim of demonstrating by inference and logic, inter alia, that the mechanism suffers from some constraints embedded in the Charter, lack of resources and so forth. Further, it is a fact that the mechanism has somehow failed to live up to its expectations owing to these and other varied reasons, thus leading to its transformation into the Peace and Security Council (PSC). Finally, the study attempts to demonstrate empirically the socio-economic effects of such conflicts to Africa and to the international community, and how the regional and subregional economic integration groupings can play a significant role in preventing, managing and resolving such phenomena.
Keywords: integração social
autonomia
África
direito econômico
conflito social
desenvolvimento econômico
aspectos socias
CNPq: CNPQ::CIENCIAS SOCIAIS APLICADAS::DIREITO
Language: por
Parents: BR
Publisher: Universidade Católica de Brasília
Institution Abbreviation: UCB
Department: Direito
Program: Programa de Pós-Graduação em Direito
Citation: BISWARO, Joram Mukama. The role of regional integration in conflict prevention, management, and resolution in Africa : the case of African Union (AU). 2011. 287 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Direito) - Universidade Católica de Brasília, Brasília, 2011.
Access Type: Acesso Embargado
URI:  https://bdtd.ucb.br:8443/jspui/handle/123456789/247
Document date: 7-Jul-2011
Appears in Collections:Programa de Pós-Graduação em Direito

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